ASUCD Election Data & History

Elections

Table of Contents
General Information
Links to ASUCD Elections
History of Elections and Voting Methods

General Information

For a quick glance at the history of ASUCD Executive Elections take a look at the List of ASUCD Executive Elections (2001 - 2013) page.

If you would like to download all the ballot data at once you can download the Ballot Data Package which includes all of the 28 ballot data files on this website. There should be 30 files but I am missing data for two executive races but they were both two ticket races that ended in landslides so the data is not particularly useful or interesting. However, if you do happen to have those data files you can email them to me and I will upload them. To use the ballot data linked on this page you can download one of the programs lised on the Programs page.

All of the pre-Choice Voting PDFs were provided to me by Sergio Cano. They can be found with additional information at Shields Library in the special collections under "ASUCD".



Links to ASUCD Elections

ASUCD Executive Council
(Block Voting)

ASUCD Senate & Pres/VP
(Block Voting)

ASUCD Senate & Pres/VP
(Choice Voting)



History of Elections and Voting Methods

Pre-Choice Voting Elections

In the Winter 1995 ASUCD Election the voters approved the "Democracy at Davis" initiative which, among other things, divided ASUCD into an executive and legislative branch and created the ASUCD Senate with 10 members. Prior to this ASUCD was governed by a small Executive Council. The first ASUCD Senate election was in Fall 1995. A year later (I believe) the Senate was expanded to 12 members with the "Democracy at Davis II" initiative.

Prior to Fall 2003, ASUCD used Block Voting for its Senate and Executive Council elections. Every voter could vote for as many candidates as there were seats available. In a normal Senate election with six Senate seats open this meant a voter could vote for up to six candidates. The six candidates with the most votes would be elected. This system was very susceptible to extremely lopsided election results where one slate could win all of the seats despite significant support for other slates and candidates. These situations, where many voters were completely unrepresented in the Senate, were a catalyst for the change to Choice Voting.

ASUCD Executive Elections prior to Fall 2003 required a simple majority of the votes (50% + 1 vote) for a ticket to win the Presidency/Vice-Presidency. If no ticket received a majority there would be a runoff election between the two executive tickets with the most votes scheduled for a later date. Since the purpose of a runoff election is to allow voters who didn't vote for the top two tickets to have a say in which one wins, the implementation of Choice Voting did the same thing while also eliminating the need for a second/runoff election.

Choice Voting Elections

In the Winter 2003 ASUCD Election the voters approved a change to the voting system used by ASUCD to elect Senators and the President/Vice-President. Choice Voting, or Single Transferable Vote, was first used in the Fall 2003 election and has been used in every subsequent election. Choice Voting attempts to prevent wasted votes and spoiler candidates while creating a more proportional representation of the voting population.

In a Choice Voting election voters rank the candidates based on the voter's preference. They can rank as many or as few of the candidates as they choose. Candidates are elected when they meet a mathematical threshold set for that election (see below). If no candidate has met the threshold then the candidate with the least amount of votes is eliminated and any votes for that candidate are transferred to those voter's next preferred candidate. This process continues until all available seats for that election have been filled.

To determine the threshold of a Choice Voting election you take the total number of votes and divide it by the total number of seats to be filled, plus one. Then add one to the result of that division. Shown here:

In a normal six seat ASUCD Senate Election a candidate needs to gain one-seventh of the total votes, plus one vote.
In an ASUCD President/Vice-President Election an executive ticket needs to gain one-half of the total votes, plus one vote.



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